KYASANUR FOREST DISEASE PDF

NAME: Kyasanur forest disease virus. SYNONYM OR CROSS REFERENCE: Kyasanur forest disease (KFD), KFDV, and monkey fever/disease(1,2,3). Kyasanur Forest Disease (KFD) is a re- emerging zoonotic disease associated with sudden onset of high grade fever, prostration, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. Kyasanur forest disease (KFD) is a tick-borne viral haemorrhagic fever endemic ( constant presence of disease) in Karnataka State, India.

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The virus causing the disease: Previous methods of diagnosis included HI, complement fixationneutralization testsand injecting disase serum of infected individuals into mice. There are a variety of animals thought to be reservoir hosts for the disease, including porcupinesrats, squirrels, mice and shrews.

Most of the patients recover without any complications after one to two weeks of symptoms. Neurological complications may occur due to meningoencephalitis.

Ecology in a Climate of Cold War Suspicion”. Management of disease is mainly supportive in the form of maintenance of the hydration and measures to prevent and control bleeding disorders and neurological complications. Henipavirus encephalitis HeV NiV. Person should examine their bodies at the end of each day for ticks and remove them promptly. Human to human transmission is not known. The virus was found to be quite distinctive and not closely related to the Russian virus strains.

It is also referred as monkey fever by local people. Hemorrhagic manifestationsincluding intermittent epistaxis, haematemesis, melena, and frank blood in the stools.

These large animals are good hosts for proliferation of ticks diesase are not significant for virus dissemination due to insignificant viremia presence of virus in blood in them.

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Leptotrombidium deliense Liponyssoides sanguineus. Amblyomma americanum Amblyomma cajennense Amblyomma triguttatum Ornithodoros: The virus has been detected in monkeys in parts of Bandipur National Park Chamarajnagar and parts of the Nilgiris. Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases.

Man is incidental or dead end host, and plays no role in viral transmission. InThirthahalli taluk of Shimoga district, Karnataka reported an outbreak. Such type of ticks, feeding on three different hosts is called three-host ticks, one each for the larval, nymphal, and adult life stages. In other projects Wikispecies.

Kyasanur forest disease | National Health Portal Of India

Mosquito-borne Bunyavirales Arbovirus encephalitides: Economic and Political Weekly. Dermacentor variabilis Dermacentor andersoni Amblyomma: Vectors – Hard Ticks of genus Haemaphysalis transmit the disease. Adult fed female tick lays eggs on the ground, which hatch to larvae under the vegetations.

The study also raises the possibility of bird involvement in long-distance transfer. Infobox medical condition Articles with ‘species’ microformats. Rodent-borne Arenaviridae Viral hemorrhagic fevers: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Symptoms include headache, neck stiffness, mental disturbance, coarse tremors, giddiness, and abnormality of reflexes. Bunyavirales Viral hemorrhagic fevers: International Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Kyasanur Forest disease

Discussion You would need to login or signup to start a Discussion. Antigenic relatedness is however close to many other strains including the Omsk hemorrhagic fever OHF and birds from Siberia have been found to show an antigenic response to Forst virus.

Kumar; Pragya Yadav; Pradip V. The disease first manifested as an epizootic outbreak among monkeys killing several of them in the year The larvae further infest and feed on small mammals and monkeys, drop on the ground and change into nymphs.

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Hence the disease is also locally known as monkey disease or monkey fever. Natural hosts and reservoirs – Small mammals particularly rats and squirrels are main reservoir of the virus.

An affected person may recover in two weeks time, but the convalescent period is typically very long, lasting for several months. Real-time RT-PCR, can detect the virus in human samples after onset of febrile illness up to the 10th day kyasanhr illness. Sitting or lying down on the ground should be discouraged by providing health cisease to villagers and tourists in KFD endemic areas.

Research using mice models found that KFDV primarily replicated in the brain. The disease was first noted at Kyasanur village near Sagar in Shivamogga district of Karnataka.

Kyasanur forest disease KFD is a tick-borne viral haemorrhagic fever endemic constant presence of disease in Karnataka State, India.

It is characterized by return of fever and neurological symptoms as headache, neck stiffness, mental disturbance, coarse tremors, giddiness, and abnormality of reflexes. Prophylaxis by vaccination, as well as preventive measures like protective clothing, tick control, and mosquito control are advised.